Thailand related terms (legal and practical).
A unit designed for use as a dwelling in a multi unit building occupied by more than one household. When registered as a condominium with the Thailand land department offering individual private ownership of the units and joint ownership of the common parts of the property, without registion as a condominium the building usually remains owned by the developer offering rent of the units to different tenants.
A government assessed property value for a specific real property in Thailand based on a calculation method set by the Land Department and the Treasury Department and is adjusted every 4 years based on market conditions. Is among others used to determine the (minimum) amount of tax that must be paid.
A juristic entity, the formal structure, created by a group of people who have joined together for a particular purpose and conducting an activity other than that of sharing profits or incomes earned (section 78 Thailand civil and commercial code).
This is a certificate for ownership of land issued by the Thailand land department. A land ownership title deed containing the name of the owner, location of the land, an area map showing the boundaries on all four sides and on the backside an index of registration.
A marriage not formalized in the customary manner as prescribed by law but recognized as a valid marriage after a period of time in which a man and a woman have cohabited and presented themselves as husband and wife.
The competent government official or person appointed by law with the power to perform a designated function.
civil law term in relation to inheritance and sussession laws of the deceased as the testator
Italian for believe or trust. Legal term for an arrangement in which an agent takes possession and agrees to sell goods for another and who guarantees that a buyer is trustworthy and, in case the buyer defaults, compensates the principal.
|En ventre sa mere||
French language for 'In his/her mother's womb' or 'in his/her mother's belly'. Standard legal language and refers to the unborn child (fetus in utero) which is accepted to be a minor, provided it is subsequently born alive. Found for example in section 15 Thailand Civil and Commercial Code second paragraph: 'the unborn child (in his mother's womb) is capable of rights provided that it is thereafter born alive.'
money or other goods transferred to a neutral third party licensed under the Thailand Business Escrow Act and held by this party (usually financial institution) on behalf of contract parties pending fulfilment of some condition of a contract...
The area of law that deals with family relationships, rights, duties (particularly marriage, adoption, divorce, custody, maintenance), or more general, laws dealing with matters of impact on family relationships.
The official statement by a licensed financial institution in Thailand (Thai bank) to report the remittance and exchange of foreign currencies into Thai baht under reporting requirements of the Bank of Thailand. Source: samuiforsale
Term in contract law, refraining from doing something that one has a legal right to do, giving of further time for repayment of an obligation or agreement (not to enforce a claim at its due date).
Standard legal language (French) referring to an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond control of parties. The risks beyond the reasonable control of a party such as war and natural disasters (act of god) that could not be evaded through the exercise of due care and which is not a product or result of the negligence or malfeasance. In the Thailand Civil and Commercial Code it is described as 'any event the happening or pernicious result of which could not be prevented even though a person against whom it happened or threatened to happen were to take such appropriate care as might be expected from him in his situation and in such condition' (section 8).
A foundation in Thailand is a juristic entity registered under the provivions of the civil and commercial code. A nonprofit charitable organization that will donate funds to public charity, religious, art, scientific, education or other purpose for the public benefit and not for sharing profits (section 110 civil and commercial code).
A legal entity that is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties other than a natural person (human being). In Thailand a juristic person can come into existence only by virtue of the civil and commercial dode or other laws (section 65 civil and commercial code).
French language term meaning in Thailand a crime (as treason), insult, offence against the dignity of the King, the Queen, the Heir-apparent or the Regent governed by the Thailand Criminal Law.
Latin language for 'by changing those things which need to be changed', in law texts meaning, more or less, the referred sections shall be applied on the same but is to be altered, when necessary, on points of detail.
means a measurment unit in Thailand used to define an area land, 1 Ngan of land is equal to an area of 400 square meters in metric measurment.
|Nor Sor Sam||
Land title deed issued by the Thailand Land Department confirming the right of possession of government land granted to an individual owner. This type of land has a lower survey status (lower than for example the nor.sor.sam.gor land title deed) and the borders of the land as shown on the land title deed should be confirmed with neighboring land plots.
|Nor Sor Sam Gor||
Land title deed issued by the land department confirming the right of possession by possession of government land granted to an individual owner. The boundaries of the land are accurately surveyed in relation to neighbouring land plots.
A post-nuptial agreement is a contract between spouses concerning their personal or matrimonial assets made during the course of the marriage. As opposed to pre-nuptial (before marriage) in Thailand this is a marriage contract governing ownership of financial assets created by spouses after entering into marriage (sections 1465 - 1492 Thailand civil and commercial code).
a special agreement between a couple engaged to be married governing their personal assets and management of future marital property. A Thailand prenuptial allows limited freedom of contract between the parties as any clause in the prenup contrary the law or good morals shall be deemed void.
the area of law dealing with forms of ownership, possession, encumbrances and rights to immovable property in thailand
means a unit of measurment of land in Thailand. A unit of surface expressed in Rai is equal to 1600 square meters in metric measurment, 1 acre is approx 2,5 Rai.
A real property right, as opposed to contractual rights, are attached to an immovable property (rather than a person) and remain in full force upon transfer of ownership of the property ('follow' to the property), the first registered right has priority above any subsequent registered newer right.
that is marital assets or property of the marriage jointly owned by husband and wife, in general all properties acquired after the marriage (except those listed in section 1471 under 3)
|Sin Suan Tua|
Property given by the man to the parents, adopter or guardian of his fiancée before marriage as part of engagement ceremony (betrothal), in return for the woman (fiancée) agreeing to marry the man (found in Thai law section 1437 civil code).
|Sor Tor Gor||
Land document issued by the forest department granting the right to a private person to reside and live in a specific area of land in reserved forest land (public land prohibited for private ownership), a sor.tor.gor gives a personal right (like the right of habitation) and cannot be sold but can be passed on by inheritance.
A person who is capable of managing one's own affairs, like making a valid contract. A person who has all the rights and is not under the power of another (e.g. a minor). Every one of full age is presumed to be sui juris. In Thailand a person on completion of twenty years of age becomes sui juris (section 19 Thailand civil and commercial code).
Or tessebaan (municipality) is the local government administrative body of a village, town, or city in Thailand.
a house and resident registration book (tabien baan) with a bright yellow cover used for the registration of foreign nationals who stay in Thailand at the dwelling on a temporary basis.
a house and resident registration book (tabien baan) with a dark blue colored cover used for the registration of thai nationals and foreigners with official residency in thailand having their permanent home at the specific dwelling.
|Tor Dor 21||
Standard Thai script land office power of attorney giving authrority to someone to act on behalf of the owner of the immovable property at the land department's office and to do a described action or transaction regarding a specific immovable property in Thailand.
means a unit of measurment of land in Thailand, a land surface or unit of land measuring 1 Wah equals 4 square meters.