Section 657 A deposit is a contract whereby a person, called the depositor, delivers a property to another person, called the depositary, and the depositary agrees to keep it in his custody and return it.
Section 658 Remuneration for the deposit is deemed to have been impliedly agreed upon. If under the circumstances the undertaking of the deposit is to be expected only for the remuneration.
Section 659 If the deposit is undertaken gratuitously the depositary is bound to exercise as much care of the property deposited as he is accustomed to exercising in his own affairs.
If the deposit is undertaken with rumeneration the depositary is bound to exercise such care asn skill as a person of ordinairy prudence would exercise in the circumstances. This includes the exercise of special skill where such skill is required.
If the depositary professes a particular trade, business or calling, he is bound to exercise the degree of care and skill usual and requisite in such trade, business or calling.
Section 660 If without the permission of the depositor the depositary uses the property deposited or lets a third person have the use or custody of it, he is liable for any loss or damage to the property, even caused by force majeure, unless he proves that the loss or damage would have happened in any case.
Section 661 If a third person claims rights over the property deposited and enters an action against the depositary, or attaches the property, the depositay must forthwith give notice thereof to the depositor.
Section 662 If a time for return of the property deposited has been fixed, the depositary has no right to return the property before such time, except in case of unvoidable necessity.
Section 663 Although the parties have fixed a time for the return of the property deposited, the depositary must return it at any time on demand made by the depositor. Section 664 If the parties have fixed no time for the return of the property deposited,the depositary can return it at any time.
Section 665 The depositary is ound to return the property deposited tot the depositor, or to the person in whose name it was deposited, or to the person to whom he has been duly directed to return it.
Section 667 Costs of returning the property deposited shall be borne by the depositor.
Section 668 The depositor is bound to reimburse the depositary for any expenses which were necessary for the preservation or maintenance of the property deposited, unless such expenses were incumbent upon the depositary under the contract of deposit.
Section 669 If no time for payment of remuneration is fixed by the contract or by custom, the remuneration is payable when the property deposited is returned. If fixed by periods the remuneration is payable at the end of each period.
Section 670 The depositary is entitles to retain the property deposited untill he has been paid all that is due to him on account of the deposit.
Special rules for the deposit of money
Section 672 If the deposited is one of money, it is presumed that the depositary is not to return the same specie, but only the same amount.
The depositary may use the money deposited and is only bound to return an equivalent amount. He is bound to return such amount even though the money deposited has been lost by force majeure.
Section 673 When the depositary is bound only to return the same amount of money, the depositor may not demand the return of the money before agreed time, nor may the depositary return it before such time.
Special rules for innkeepers
Section 674 The proprietor of an inn, hotel or other such place is liable for any loss or damage to the property which the traveller or guest lodging with him may have brought.
Section 675 The proprietor is liable for loss or damage to the property of the traveller or guest, even caused by strangers going to and from the inn, hotel or other such place.
His liability is limited to the sum of five thousand baht if the property is specie, currency notes, bills, bonds, shares, debentures, warrants, jewels or other valuables, unless it has been deposited with him and its valie clearly stated.
But he is not liable for loss or damage caused by force majeure or by the nature of the property or by the fault of the traveller or guest or of his attendant or of a person whom he has received.
Section 676 On discovery of the loss or damage to the property not expressly deposited, the traveller or guest must communicate the fact to the proprietor of the inn, hotel or any such place at once, failling which teh proprietor shall be releived of the responsibility provided in Sections 674 and 675.
Section 677 A notice posted in the inn, hotel or other such place excluding or limiting the liability of the proprietor is void unless the traveller or guest expressly agreed to such exclusion or limitation of liability.
Section 678 No action for compensation for loss or damage caused to the property of the traveller or guest can be entered later than six months after the departure of the traveller or guest.
Section 679 The proprietor is entitled to retain the lugagge or other property of the traveller or guest which is in the inn, hotel or other such place untill he has been paid all that is due to him for lodging and other services afforded to the traveller or guest in satisfaction of his needs, including disbursements.
He may sell by public auction properties so retained and pay himself out of the proceeds of such sale the amount which is keepers,due to him, together with the cost and expenses of such sale. But he cannot exercise such right unless:
- The properties have been left for six weeks without the debt being paid, and
- At least one month before such sale he has caused to be inserted in one local newspaper and advertisement containing notice of the intended sale, together with a short description of the properties to be sold and the name of the owner, if known.
The surplus (if any) remaining after such payment must be paid to the owner of such properties or deposited at the Deposit Office according to the provisions of Sections 331 and 333.