Glossary of terms used on this site

Thailand related terms (legal and practical).

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Term Definition

This is a certificate for ownership of land issued by the Thailand land department. A land ownership title deed containing the name of the owner, location of the land, an area map showing the boundaries on all four sides and on the backside an index of registration.

civil law

Codified system of private law, body of laws primariy dealing with the relationships between natural and juristic persons, civil law as the written source of law as opposed to (common law) judge made law, finding its origin in ancient Rome.

Common-law marriage

A marriage not formalized in the customary manner as prescribed by law but recognized as a valid marriage after a period of time in which a man and a woman have cohabited and presented themselves as husband and wife. 

Competent Authority

The competent government official or person appointed by law with the power to perform a designated function.


a multi unit residential building where persons are able to hold personal freehold ownership of the unit and joint ownership in common areas of the building. What defines a condominium, as opposed to general multi unit apartment buildings, is the form of  ownership.

criminal law
Codified system of law, or body of laws, penal laws, dealing with the punishment of offenders prescribing offense against 'the public' or against another persona and prescribing a penalty for one who violates it.
Author: Thailand Lawyer Online